NPA blames market forces, harsh policies
… As Nigerian ports fare poorly in 2013

Mallam Habib Abdullahi, who was sacked as Managing Director of the Nigerian Ports Authority (NPA) by then President Goodluck Jonathan on April 29, 2015, and reinstated by President Muhammadu Buhari on August 13, 2015.
Mallam Habib Abdullahi, who was sacked as Managing Director of the Nigerian Ports Authority (NPA) by then President Goodluck Jonathan on April 29, 2015, and reinstated by President Muhammadu Buhari on August 13, 2015.

The Nigerian Ports Authority (NPA) has blamed the poor showing of the nation’s ports in 2013 on a number of factors, including market forces and the Federal Government strictures on importation of cement, and rice, among other commodities. 

As it released the statistics of the performance of Nigerian ports in 2013, which barely bested 2012, the NPA stated in a press release signed by the Assistant General Manager, Public Affairs, Mr. Musa Iliya, that its “recent research revealed that, generally, each port is being shaped by the market forces dictated by the commodity demand and by the particular port user.”

Iliya went on: “The decline experienced in some products can be linked to general economic factor. In dry bulk, for instance, there is ban on the importation of cement. Also, the increase on rice tariff has reduced the importation of the commodity to the country through Nigerian ports, but through smuggling by another route.

 “The European debt crises gave birth to the decrease in Liquefied Natural Gas, many of their industries have closed down, and so the demand for our product was low. They have also discovered an alternative means of production in the Middle East.

“The petroleum product liberalisation, growth in gross domestic product (GDP) and the Transformation Agenda (of the President Goodluck Jonathan administration) resulting in increase in construction works have had an unprecedented economic impact on the port industry.” 
Excluding crude oil terminals, cargo throughput of 76,886,997 million metric tonnes was handled at all Nigerian ports  in 2013, reflecting a minuscle increase of 0.042.6 per cent over the 2012 figure of 76,855,754 metric tonnes.

A breakdown of the 2013 cargo throughput, according to the statistics provided by the NPA, revealed thus:

  • The container traffic amounted to 1,010,836  twenty-foot equivalent units (TEUs), reflecting a growth of 15.2 per cent over the 877,737 TEUs posted in 2012;
  • A total of 291,824 units of vehicles were handled in the period under review, reflecting an increase of 8.9 per cent over the 268,026 units recorded in 2012;

  • Liquefied natural gas (LNG) shipment handled in the period under review amounted to 19,341,663 metric tonnes, indicating a drop of 12.7 per cent from the 22,146,908 metric tonnes posted in 2012;

  • The refined petroleum shipment handled was 19,416,043 metric tonnes, and an increase of 9.5 per cent over  the 17,730,727 metric tonnes recorded in 2012;

  • Dry bulk cargo handled at the ports in the year under review amounted to 9,537,447 metric tonnes, showing a decline of 6.5 per cent from the 10,205,339 metric tonnes posted in 2012; and
  • General cargo handled at the ports in year 2013 was 11,964,978 metric tonnes, indicating a drop of 5.8 per cent from the 12,702,826 metric tonnes recorded in 2012.

“In year 2013, the total of 5,185 oceans-going vessels with a total gross registered tonnage (GRT) of 131,674,337 gross tons called at Nigerian ports,” the NPA stated.

 In the period under review, the Lagos Port Complex (LPC) recorded 34,466,291GRT, reflecting an increase of 9.4 per cent over the 31,513,987GRT posted in 2012.
 According to the NPA, a total of 1,498vessels were handled at the LPC in 2013.
While 1,725 ocean-going vessels were handled at the Tin-Can Island Port Complex (TCIPC) in 2013, the port recorded 42,758,161GRT, which is 23.2 per cent increase over the  34,703,547GRT posted in 2012.
Unlike the two Western Ports, the LPC and the TCIPC, which both experienced increased GRT in 2013 over the 2012 figures, these Eastern Ports  -  Calabar Port Complex, Rivers Port Complex, and Onne Port Complex  -  suffered drops in GRT in 2013, when compared to 2012. 
The Calabar Port Complex recorded 2,792,488GRT, a  decline of 2.8 per cent compared with the 2,871,622GRT in 2012.
The port recorded 197 ocean-going vessels in 2013.
The Rivers Port Complex recorded 6,394,270GRT, which is 7.9 per cent drop when compared with the 6,929,179GRT 2012 recorded.
 The port posted 447 ocean-going vessels in 2013.
The Onne Port Complex recorded 38,967,131GRT in 2013, reflecting a decrease of 7.4 per cent when compared with the  42,062,351GRT recorded in 2012.
The port recorded 820 vessels in 2013.
The Delta Port Complex, also part of the NPA Eastern Ports, was an exception from the aforementioned trio.
In 2013, the Delta Port Complex recorded 6,295,996GRT, reflecting a whopping increase of 105 per cent over the 3,069,887GRT the port posted in  2012.
The port handled 498 vessels in 2013.

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1 Response

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